In this episode, on the 100th Anniversary of Nelson Mandela’s birth, we’re looking at the history of sport, sport for development, and the key figures in the development of the field. We explore where organised sport came from, how sport and development went from a UN and national government led enterprise to a civil society driven field, and those key civil society figures who put the field on the map. As always, we enjoyed another quiz, this week on famous Laureus ambassadors. And finally, we heard from a few of our past guests on what Sport for Development means to them.
1922 International Labour Organization and International Olympic Committee establish institutional cooperation
1947 Sports tournaments held in German refugee camps
1958 UN Declaration of the Rights of the Child is adopted, recognizing the right to the full opportunity for play and recreation
1960s and 70s lot of governments in Europe instigate “sport for all” policies, with resulting increases in participation in these countries
1978 adoption of UNESCO international charter of Physical Education and Sport, which recognises sport and physical education as a fundamental right for all.
1983 roll out of a “sport for all programme” in Tanzania by the Norwegian Olympic Committee and Confederation of Sport.
1994 foundation of Olympic Aid by Johann Kloss at the Lillehammer Olympics. Goes on to become Right to Play.
2000 foundation of Laureus and “that” Mandela speech
2003 UN commissions and approves a major milestone document, “Sport for Development and Peace: Towards Achieving the Millennium Development Goals
6th April 2014 the first observed UN International Day for Sport for Development and Peace.
References and further reading:
Robert Millington “The United Nations and Sport for Development and Peace: A Critical History.”
Bruce Kidd “A New Social Movement: Sport for Development and Peace”
Eekeren, Horst and Fictorie’s review on Sport for Development
Sport and Dev’s timeline of sport and development
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